The Group of Twenty (G20) comprises 19 major advanced and emerging economies and the European Union. The first G20 Summit was held in Washington, D.C. in November 2008, and was convened by the US in response to the emerging financial crisis then. Subsequent G20 Summits have been held in London (April 2009), Pittsburgh (September 2009), Toronto (June 2010), Seoul (November 2010), Cannes (November 2011), Los Cabos (June 2012), St Petersburg (September 2013), Brisbane (November 2014), Antalya (November 2015), Hangzhou (September 2016), Hamburg (July 2017), Buenos Aires (December 2018), and Osaka (June 2019). The next G20 Summit, under the Saudi G20 Presidency, will be held virtually in November 2020.
Singapore, although not a G20 member, has been invited to participate in the G20 Summits and its related processes from 2010 to 2011 and from 2013 to 2020. Singapore has usually been invited as the Convenor of the Global Governance Group (3G), which is an informal grouping of 30 small and medium-sized members of the United Nations established by Singapore in 2009 to, inter alia, promote greater dialogue between the G20 and the broader UN membership.
Saudi Arabia assumed the 2020 G20 Presidency on 1 December 2019, under the theme of “Realizing Opportunities of the 21st Century for All”. The agenda includes (a) Empowering People, by fostering resilience in health care systems, renewing focus on education, protecting labour markets, and prioritising women and youth empowerment; (b) Safeguarding the Planet, through the circular carbon economy, as well as minimising land degradation and deforestation ; and (c) Shaping New Frontiers by utilising digital technologies and ensuring a better-connected world. As an invited guest country to the G20 meetings in 2020, including the Riyadh Summit in November, Singapore continues to support and actively contribute to the G20 discussions. Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong participated in the Extraordinary Virtual G20 Leaders’ Summit on 26 March 2020, which culminated in a G20 Leaders’ Statement on COVID-19.
More information can be found on the official G20 website.