The Group of Twenty (G20) comprises 19 major advanced and emerging economies and the European Union. The first G20 Summit was held in Washington, D.C. in November 2008, and was convened by the US in response to the emerging financial crisis then. Subsequent G20 Summits have been held in London (April 2009), Pittsburgh (September 2009), Toronto (June 2010), Seoul (November 2010), Cannes (November 2011), Los Cabos (June 2012), St Petersburg (September 2013), Brisbane (November 2014), Antalya (November 2015), Hangzhou (September 2016), Hamburg (July 2017), Buenos Aires (December 2018), and Osaka (June 2019). The next G20 Summit will be held in Riyadh in November 2020.
Singapore, although not a G20 member, has been invited to participate in the G20 Summits and its related processes in 2010 to 2011 and from 2013 to 2020. Singapore has usually been invited as a representative of the Global Governance Group (3G). The 3G is an informal grouping of 30 small and medium-sized members of the United Nations, which aims to promote greater transparency and inclusivity in the G20 process by encouraging stronger linkages between the G20 and the broader UN membership.
Japan held the 2019 G20 Presidency, and sought to promote a free and open, inclusive and sustainable, “human-centered future society”. Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong participated in the G20 Osaka Summit from 28 to 29 June 2019. Japan also hosted eight G20 Ministerial Meetings this year, including the G20 Aichi-Nagoya Foreign Ministers’ Meeting in Nagoya from 22 to 23 November 2019 which was attended by Minister for Foreign Affairs, Dr Vivian Balakrishnan.
Saudi Arabia assumed the 2020 G20 Presidency on 1 December 2019, and has invited Singapore to the G20 meetings in 2020, including the Riyadh Summit in November. Singapore looks forward to continue our active contribution to G20 discussions, in particular, on the Saudi Presidency’s theme of “Realizing Opportunities of the 21st Century for All”. This include creating conditions for all to live, work and thrive, fostering collective efforts to safeguard the planet, and shaping new frontiers to share the benefits of innovation and technological advancement.
More information can be found on the official G20 website.