The Universal Periodic Review (UPR) is the only universal mechanism, established under the UN Human Rights Council (HRC), that reviews the human rights situation in all 193 UN Member States once every five years. The UPR and the HRC were created on 15 March 2006 by the UN General Assembly in resolution 60/251.
Since the first UPR session was held at the UN Office in Geneva in April 2008, all UN Member States have to date undergone at least two cycles of the UPR, and the third cycle of the UPR began in 2017. Singapore participated in the first, second and third cycles of the UPR on 6 May 2011, 27 January 2016 and 12 May 2021 respectively.
The fourth cycle of the UPR will begin in late-2022. 14 UN member States are reviewed at each session of the UPR Working Group which meets three times a year. Singapore’s fourth UPR is scheduled for April/May 2026 during the 52nd session of the UPR Working Group.