The Universal Periodic Review (UPR) is the only universal mechanism, established under the UN Human Rights Council (HRC), that reviews the human rights situation in all 193 UN Member States once every five years. The UPR and the HRC were created on 15 March 2006 by the UN General Assembly in resolution 60/251.
Since the first UPR session was held at the UN Office in Geneva in April 2008, all UN Member States have to date undergone at least two cycles of the UPR. Singapore participated in the first and second cycles of the UPR on 6 May 2011 and 27 January 2016 respectively.
The third cycle of the UPR began in 2017. 14 UN member States are reviewed at each session of the UPR Working Group which meets three times a year. Singapore’s third UPR is scheduled for 12 May 2021 during the 38th session of the UPR Working Group.